How to get rid of the predicament of the state-owned grain enterprises
Since 2010, the reform of state-owned grain enterprises in baoji city in shaanxi province has been deepened, bringing the state-owned grain purchase and marketing enterprises from 40 to 22. The reform of state-owned grain enterprises in the whole city presents a distinct characteristic.
The nine counties, such as fufeng county, have basically realized "one county, one enterprise, one multi-point" operation mode through integration of one local state-owned grain purchase and marketing enterprises. Chen cang district, fengxiang county, meixian county and gishan county have all been integrated into 2~4 families through merger and reorganization, and all of them have registered capital of more than 2 million yuan.
Reform will improve the competitiveness of grain enterprises
In recent years, the city adheres to advantage of state-owned grain enterprises core library as the main body, based on the basic marketing network, through capital operation, the active integration of library resources, promote the purchase and sale enterprise merger and reorganization, has realized the combination optimization assets, improved the market competitiveness of enterprises. This way of "equity transfer" wei made of flour food company with this central assets optimized integration, completely solve the legacy of the company of flour, also raised money for a central construction.
In combination with the restructuring and restructuring of corporate debt, we actively coordinate the support of the county government, and promote the land transfer of state-owned grain purchase and sale enterprises from the transfer of land to land transfer. The city now has 5 counties and 18 districts with 42.58 million square meters of land, accounting for 31 percent of the total land area of the city. Qishan county through land degeneration, the original fengming grain supply center city back into the suburb, whole sale to raise capital of 9.6 million yuan, at the same time for the national development and reform commission, the warehouse construction capital of 5 million yuan, the implementation of the central grain reserves ruban bridge construction project.
Adhere to the market as the orientation, in the implementation of "one county and one enterprise", play the leading role of the central bank of the county district, actively guide enterprises to adjust the structure to promote development according to local conditions. This bureau to gain development, development, the development strategy of opportunity, by optimizing the enterprise structure, raise the development money 30 million yuan, and give full play to the citrus county advantage, transform the idle asset investment development fruit storage industry, promote the enterprise assets rental income. The food storage center of fufeng county took the advantage of the overall renovation of the street of jiang's account, and carried out a comprehensive development of the market in the street of jiang's account, which brought a net profit of more than 4 million yuan to the enterprise.
The myth of "four modernizations"
Since the grain reform in 2004, although enterprises have changed their system, business leaders and workers still have the "four modernizations" in their ideological understanding: first, the "nationalization" of the workers' status; The second is the "official posts" of business leaders; Thirdly, the burden of "old people" will be "enterprise". Fourth, the enterprise business model "policies".
The reform of state-owned grain circulation enterprises policy-oriented, required local governments to bear LiangGai responsibility, earnestly fulfill their duties, but appeared in the reform practice since the offside, "three no" phenomenon: one is the enterprise management, LiangGai after the government still has arranged the behavior of the enterprise; Secondly, the enterprise management personnel prepared by the county grain and food bureau institutions, and the actual administrative functions of the administrative posts; Third, the cadre and the worker's post are not divided, the county area is generally not to have the duty to make up, should the job set up, should be on the post, the administrative personnel and the enterprise staff mix the phenomenon.
Due to lack of strong policy support, the reform of grain enterprises has a "five difficulties" :
The first is the difficulty of changing ideas. It is quite difficult for cadres and workers of state-owned grain enterprises to shift from planned economic thinking mode to market economic thinking mode. They are dependent on thought, participate in reform without enthusiasm, and lack initiative.
Second, policy implementation is difficult. Due to the limitation of local financial resources, the relevant provisions of relevant local food circulation areas have not been implemented in recent years. There are waiting ideas and lack of enthusiasm for participation in reform.
Third, land degeneration is difficult. Enterprises have large land area, large amount of funds needed to change the allocation of funds, the enterprise is unable to raise funds, there is a wait-and-see ideology, and the reform of property rights system lacks urgency.
Fourth, reform financing is difficult, grain reform needs a batch of funds to solve the real problems, there is no clear credit policy in the place, so that enterprises reform without funds source, have difficult ideas, reform lacks impetus.
The fifth is the difficulty of improving efficiency. Food business gross income is very low, increase the difficulty of enterprise management and operational risks, combined with the acquisition of money is small, the other channels of financing cost, the enterprise commodity grain stocks at a historic low, enterprise management difficult, have slacken thoughts, turning around the lack of staying power, reform consciousness is not strong.
Breakthrough bottlenecks are key
In the reform of state-owned grain enterprises, the key is to solve the bottleneck of enterprise reform.
In the reform of the property rights system, the land transsexual work depends on the government's support for the government to use the land transsexual revenue special fund to support the development of the food industry. How much land needs to be denatured, to insist on what has been done, to be determined by the enterprise development layout and fund status, not to be greedy for more.
To deal with the relationship between government and enterprises, the implementation of the laws and regulations set up by the enterprises and the improvement of the corporate governance structure will enable enterprises to exercise the rights of market subjects.
We should implement policies to improve the local financial support mechanism and effectively reduce the burden on enterprises.
We will strive to implement the national fiscal policy to support the development of grain circulation. To implement the policy on grain circulation enterprises of various tax breaks, grain and oil production big county 20% financial incentives to the industrial development of the grain circulation policy, dangerous warehouse old library reform and construction of a central place to implement policies for matching funds.
We will deepen the reform of grain enterprises to solve the problem of asset restructuring funds and take the initiative to support the financing of local agricultural issuance to enterprises.